Pesticides adversely affect insect pollinators

ACIO Wildlife Conservation strengthening guidelines to reduce pesticide risks to pollinators. Pollinators are essential for fruit, vegetable, oilseed and forage production, as well as for the production of seed for many root and fiber crops. In addition to being essential to food security and quality, pollinators contribute to the production of medicines, biofuels (e.g. canola and palm oil), fibers (e.g. cotton and linen) and construction materials such as timber. Livelihoods based on beekeeping and honey hunting are embedded in many rural economies.
Over the past decades, both wild and domesticated insect pollinators are in dramatic decline, which puts at stake the existence of species, ecosystem resilience and global food security. Globally, 87 of major food crops depend on animal pollination. Together these account for 35 % of the world food production volume. Pollinator mediated crops are indispensable for essential micronutrients in the human diet. The large importance of pollinators for both wild and cultivated plants, means they are fundamental to maintain ecosystem services and uphold global biodiversity.
ACIO Wildlife Conservation works to save The Bees and Butterflies in countries where it operates. Odds are you’ve heard about the disappearing honeybees and butterflies. Indeed, pollinators are in trouble. Wild pollinators such as monarch butterflies, bumblebees, and other native bees are experiencing dramatic declines due to a loss of habitat, disease, parasites, overuse of pesticides, and various other factors.
Pollinators are essential to ecosystem health. Pollinators visit flowering plants, shrubs, and trees seeking sustenance in the form of sugary nectar and protein-packed pollen grains. While they forage, they transfer pollen grains between blooms, enabling flowering plants to reproduce. An estimated 85 percent of the world’s flowering plants depend on animals mostly insects for pollination. Pollinators sustain wildland plant communities that provide food and shelter for myriad other wildlife.
They are also essential to human well-being. As pollinators decline, so does agricultural production, putting the Nation’s food supply and agricultural economy at risk. More than two-thirds of crop species are dependent on pollinators, including crops that produce fruits, vegetables, spices, nuts, seeds, forage for livestock, and fiber plants such as cotton. From the coffee you drink in the morning to the apple pie you have for dessert, an estimated one in three mouthfuls of food and drink that you consume comes from a pollinator-dependent crop. In fact, the majority of vitamins, minerals, and nutrients we need to maintain our health (such as vitamin C, calcium, and folic acid) come from fruits and vegetables that depend partially or fully on animal pollinators.
Most pollinators are insects: bees, wasps, flies, beetles, butterflies, and moths. Hummingbirds also pollinate, as do nectar-feeding bat species. Bees are particularly critical pollinators. Beekeepers manage colonies of domesticated honeybees to provide both pollination and honey. The native bees of African Countries approximately 3800 species have very different lifestyles from honeybees; most native bees live in the wild rather than in managed hives. Native bees are excellent pollinators, and many play a critical role in crop pollination, such as the native bees that pollinate alfalfa, an important feed crop for livestock.
Pollinator declines threaten Africa agriculture and put the health of natural ecosystems at risk. The number of honeybee colonies in the Africa continent has been falling over the past half-century, and beekeepers have experienced record-high average hive losses (about 30%) annually.
ACIO Wildlife Conservation use these tips to create a pollinator-friendly habitat.
 ACIO Plant a variety of plants that bloom from early spring to late fall. Planting in clumps which help pollinators find plants. ACIO Chooses plants that are native according to region which mean that plants that are adapted to local climate, soil, and pollinator species. Including plants that bloom at night attract bats and moths.
 ACIO Wildlife Conservation train communities on how to reduce or eliminate pesticide use. We teach them if they must use a pesticide in their yard or garden, may use the least toxic product possible. As pesticide can be particularly harmful to bees, so they must read the product label carefully and apply it at night, when bees and many other pollinators are not active.
In ACIO wildlife Conservation we plant native plants co-evolved with the native wildlife of your region. Native plants form the foundation of habitat for pollinators by providing them with pollen and nectar for food, cover from the elements and predators, and places where their young can grow. The best way to attract beautiful butterflies, busy bees, speedy hummingbirds and other pollinators is to fill your yard with native plants.



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